It was the 1960s in America. The nation was undergoing a deep, almost existential crisis, and change was in the air. LBJ took the helm after President Kennedy was assassinated and declared a “War on Poverty,” overhauling oppressive and racist civil rights, voting rights, and education laws. The Freedom Rides commanded national attention and challenged the Southern status quo, the Black Panthers were gaining traction (as was COINTELPRO, courtesy of the FBI), and race riots after Dr. King’s assassination almost burned Washington DC to the ground. Anti-Vietnam War protesters filled the nation’s college campuses, and John Lennon’s “Give Peace a Chance” became their call to arms.
Onward we marched.
By the 1970s, Americans started demanding government accountability. We were shocked and angered by the Kent State shooting, in which four peaceful, Vietnam-protesting college students were murdered by the Ohio National Guard, and betrayed by President Nixon during the Watergate scandal. In New York City, the Knapp Commission was established to investigate charges of deep-seated corruption in the NYPD. And corruption, it did find. Bribes, shake-downs, and cover-ups, corruption was endemic to the fabric of the New York City police force.
Yet, as the New York Times’ obituary of Detective David Durk, who, along with fellow Officer Frank Serpico, blew the whistle on the systemic corruption in the NYPD in the1960s, noted, while “dozens of officers were prosecuted…no senior police or city officials were charged”, even though the Commission found that higher-level officials did not act when they should have. (Read here for a scathing review of what the Knapp Commission failed to do).
Wait, senior city officials slow to respond to, or even refusing to investigate, allegations of corruption or abuse?
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